JŠK Legal Flash
The duty to register the ultimate beneficial owner in the Slovak Commercial Register is approaching. What about the Czech Republic?
By 31 December 2019 most legal entities registered in the Slovak Commercial Register must file for the registration of their ultimate beneficial owner (i.e. an individual holding at least a 25% direct or indirect share in the voting rights, economic benefits or registered capital of the legal entity or otherwise controlling such entity). If such an individual cannot be identified, the legal entity's top management will be deemed to be the UBOs. The registered data are currently not accessible to the public, but only to public administration subjects (including courts and tax offices).
In the Czech Republic the deadline for registration of UBOs expired on 1 January 2019, but there are no direct sanctions for non-compliance with these rules. This should change with the new bill on the register of UBOs, which should introduce not only penalties of up to CZK 500,000, but also prohibit unregistered UBOs from exercising their voting rights and participating in dividends or other distributions. The draft bill is currently in the early stages of the legislative process.
Goods stacked on the shelves in a self-service shop can be subject of the material liability agreement
Goods that are stored in a shop are, by their nature, intended for turnover or circulation, irrespective of which part of the shop they are in. Employee does not lose the possibility of personal disposition of goods merely because they are „stacked“ on the shelves of a self-service shop. Section 252 Article 1 of the Labour Code contains only non-exhaustive list of values related to material responsibility. The "personal disposition" option is not exhausted exclusively by the option where the responsible employee excludes other persons from the possibility to dispose of the goods, but also when the goods are accessible in such a way that customers can choose and serve themselves under the supervision of a responsible employee.
(Judgement of the Supreme Court 21 Cdo 492/2019 of 23 July 2019)
The Chamber of Deputies approved the expected draft of an extensive amendment to the Business Corporations Act and other related acts
The amendment introduces changes in the corporate governance of capital companies, including issues of performance, establishment and termination of statutory board members, distribution of equity, the monistic system of internal management of joint stock companies or ensuring greater protection of the rights of shareholders and third parties. The amendment also seeks to clarify a number of legal and technical provisions. The text of the bill was delivered to the Senate and is now subject to its approval. Effectiveness is scheduled for 1 January 2021.